Blood pressure is directly related to the speed and elasticity of the heart. If a heart is working too hard to supply a body with what it needs, high blood pressure is a concern.
What Do the Numbers Mean?Blood pressure readings typically appear as fractions. The top number represents the force at which a heart pumps blood out of the chambers. This is systolic pressure. A normal reading is less than 120, but if it is consistently higher than 129, Stage 1 of Hypertension is possible. The second number is diastolic pressure and measures the pressure between heartbeats. An average number is less than 80 but a consistent higher reading is alarming. Together these numbers work to paint an overall picture of heart health. If high blood pressure is uncontrolled veins, capillaries and arteries may be damaged and lead to heart attacks or strokes.
Preventive MeasuresThe only way to diagnose high blood pressure is to see a doctor. There is no “one size fits all” symptoms to indicate something is wrong. High blood pressure symptoms could include dizziness, continual headaches or sleeping difficulty. The only sign realistically evaluated is a risk factor. Certain people genetically have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure. If you experience any of the following, you may be at risk.
- A family history of high blood pressure.
- Weakening blood vessel elasticity due to age.
- African-Americans have a higher rate of hypertension and medication is not as successful in treatment.
What You Should DoIn addition to having your blood pressure controlled by medication, there are preventative measures to do by yourself to be on the right track for heart health.
- Eat healthy
- Reduce sodium
- Reduce stress
- Bad Habits